Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline: Factory Women in Malaysia
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New edition of the classic ethnographic study of Malay women factory workers.
rumored to be up for sale, comparing the relative value of the soils and tree crops. Coffee shop speculations revolve around which official or rich peasant would be the successful bidder for which piece of property. By the 1970s, competition among the growing number of officials for kampung lands has overtaken the randomness of fortuitous purchases to produce a coordinated pattern of shared privileges. New land lots opened up under the “green revolution program” (rancangan revolusi hijau)
relationships which reconstitute relationships within and without domestic groups. In Sungai Jawa, changing relations of production have been shown not to be a consequence of basic transformation of the kampung economy but to have emerged out of the intrusions of state institutions and the labor markets linked to the world system. This increasingly complex division of labor spans rural and urban sectors, giving rise to or recombining fractions of the bureaucratic elite, professionals, and
to receive the bureaucratic ticket to kerajaan. The reproduction problematic remains: bureaucratic culture and the mystification of makan gaji are increasingly out of tune with the realities of downward mobility for the many and upward strategizing by the favored few. Production and reproduction of bureaucratic discourse in the domains of education, public agencies, government officers, and UMNO gatherings both mystify and discipline local aspirations. Dissonance between official images and the
be tapped by the ever expanding reaches of global capitalism, as well as that of the early “women and development” studies which imagined the incorporation of women into systems of capitalist production to provide the solution to their “low status.” What continues to make this story powerful in our contemporary efforts to examine globalization is Ong’s analysis of the often contradictory gendered dynamics within capitalist production itself and its specific entanglement with the simultaneously
Ramli’s urban residence and interests determined the form of his nuptial celebration. His father paid M$600 for expenses which included rented chairs, tent, and the fee for a hired singer. Anwar also slaughtered an old bull. After the wedding, Ramli and his bride 130 Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline returned to Klang, leaving the parents to clean up. It was a disappointing show; few neighbors and friends turned up to help, and guest contributions amounted to only M$1,100,